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ChiSquareDistribution Class

Chi-Square (χ²) probability distribution
Inheritance Hierarchy
SystemObject
  Accord.Statistics.DistributionsDistributionBase
    Accord.Statistics.Distributions.UnivariateUnivariateContinuousDistribution
      Accord.Statistics.Distributions.UnivariateChiSquareDistribution

Namespace:  Accord.Statistics.Distributions.Univariate
Assembly:  Accord.Statistics (in Accord.Statistics.dll) Version: 3.5.0
Syntax
[SerializableAttribute]
public class ChiSquareDistribution : UnivariateContinuousDistribution, 
	ISampleableDistribution<double>, IDistribution<double>, IDistribution, 
	ICloneable, IRandomNumberGenerator<double>
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The ChiSquareDistribution type exposes the following members.

Constructors
  NameDescription
Public methodChiSquareDistribution
Constructs a new Chi-Square distribution with given degrees of freedom.
Public methodChiSquareDistribution(Int32)
Constructs a new Chi-Square distribution with given degrees of freedom.
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Properties
  NameDescription
Public propertyDegreesOfFreedom
Gets the Degrees of Freedom for this distribution.
Public propertyEntropy
Gets the entropy for this distribution.
(Overrides UnivariateContinuousDistributionEntropy.)
Public propertyMean
Gets the mean for this distribution.
(Overrides UnivariateContinuousDistributionMean.)
Public propertyMedian
Gets the median for this distribution.
(Inherited from UnivariateContinuousDistribution.)
Public propertyMode
Gets the mode for this distribution.
(Overrides UnivariateContinuousDistributionMode.)
Public propertyQuartiles
Gets the Quartiles for this distribution.
(Inherited from UnivariateContinuousDistribution.)
Public propertyStandardDeviation
Gets the Standard Deviation (the square root of the variance) for the current distribution.
(Inherited from UnivariateContinuousDistribution.)
Public propertySupport
Gets the support interval for this distribution.
(Overrides UnivariateContinuousDistributionSupport.)
Public propertyVariance
Gets the variance for this distribution.
(Overrides UnivariateContinuousDistributionVariance.)
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Methods
  NameDescription
Public methodClone
Creates a new object that is a copy of the current instance.
(Overrides DistributionBaseClone.)
Public methodComplementaryDistributionFunction
Gets the complementary cumulative distribution function (ccdf) for the χ² distribution evaluated at point x. This function is also known as the Survival function.
(Overrides UnivariateContinuousDistributionComplementaryDistributionFunction(Double).)
Public methodCumulativeHazardFunction
Gets the cumulative hazard function for this distribution evaluated at point x.
(Inherited from UnivariateContinuousDistribution.)
Public methodDistributionFunction(Double)
Gets the cumulative distribution function (cdf) for the χ² distribution evaluated at point x.
(Overrides UnivariateContinuousDistributionDistributionFunction(Double).)
Public methodDistributionFunction(Double, Double)
Gets the cumulative distribution function (cdf) for this distribution in the semi-closed interval (a; b] given as P(a < X ≤ b).
(Inherited from UnivariateContinuousDistribution.)
Public methodEquals
Determines whether the specified object is equal to the current object.
(Inherited from Object.)
Protected methodFinalize
Allows an object to try to free resources and perform other cleanup operations before it is reclaimed by garbage collection.
(Inherited from Object.)
Public methodFit(Double)
Fits the underlying distribution to a given set of observations.
(Inherited from UnivariateContinuousDistribution.)
Public methodFit(Double, IFittingOptions)
Fits the underlying distribution to a given set of observations.
(Inherited from UnivariateContinuousDistribution.)
Public methodFit(Double, Double)
Fits the underlying distribution to a given set of observations.
(Inherited from UnivariateContinuousDistribution.)
Public methodFit(Double, Int32)
Fits the underlying distribution to a given set of observations.
(Inherited from UnivariateContinuousDistribution.)
Public methodFit(Double, Double, IFittingOptions)
This method is not supported.
(Overrides UnivariateContinuousDistributionFit(Double, Double, IFittingOptions).)
Public methodFit(Double, Int32, IFittingOptions)
Fits the underlying distribution to a given set of observations.
(Inherited from UnivariateContinuousDistribution.)
Public methodGenerate
Generates a random observation from the current distribution.
(Overrides UnivariateContinuousDistributionGenerate.)
Public methodGenerate(Int32)
Generates a random vector of observations from the current distribution.
(Inherited from UnivariateContinuousDistribution.)
Public methodGenerate(Int32, Double)
Generates a random vector of observations from the current distribution.
(Overrides UnivariateContinuousDistributionGenerate(Int32, Double).)
Public methodGetHashCode
Serves as the default hash function.
(Inherited from Object.)
Public methodGetRange
Gets the distribution range within a given percentile.
(Inherited from UnivariateContinuousDistribution.)
Public methodGetType
Gets the Type of the current instance.
(Inherited from Object.)
Public methodHazardFunction
Gets the hazard function, also known as the failure rate or the conditional failure density function for this distribution evaluated at point x.
(Inherited from UnivariateContinuousDistribution.)
Public methodStatic memberInverse
Gets the inverse of the cumulative distribution function (icdf) for this distribution evaluated at probability p. This function is also known as the Quantile function.
Public methodInverseDistributionFunction
Gets the inverse of the cumulative distribution function (icdf) for this distribution evaluated at probability p. This function is also known as the Quantile function.
(Overrides UnivariateContinuousDistributionInverseDistributionFunction(Double).)
Public methodLogCumulativeHazardFunction
Gets the log of the cumulative hazard function for this distribution evaluated at point x.
(Inherited from UnivariateContinuousDistribution.)
Public methodLogProbabilityDensityFunction
Gets the log-probability density function (pdf) for this distribution evaluated at point x.
(Overrides UnivariateContinuousDistributionLogProbabilityDensityFunction(Double).)
Protected methodMemberwiseClone
Creates a shallow copy of the current Object.
(Inherited from Object.)
Public methodProbabilityDensityFunction
Gets the probability density function (pdf) for the χ² distribution evaluated at point x.
(Overrides UnivariateContinuousDistributionProbabilityDensityFunction(Double).)
Public methodQuantileDensityFunction
Gets the first derivative of the inverse distribution function (icdf) for this distribution evaluated at probability p.
(Inherited from UnivariateContinuousDistribution.)
Public methodStatic memberRandom(Int32)
Generates a random observation from the Chi-Square distribution with the given parameters.
Public methodStatic memberRandom(Int32, Int32)
Generates a random vector of observations from the Chi-Square distribution with the given parameters.
Public methodToString
Returns a String that represents this instance.
(Inherited from DistributionBase.)
Public methodToString(IFormatProvider)
Returns a String that represents this instance.
(Inherited from DistributionBase.)
Public methodToString(String)
Returns a String that represents this instance.
(Inherited from DistributionBase.)
Public methodToString(String, IFormatProvider)
Returns a String that represents this instance.
(Overrides DistributionBaseToString(String, IFormatProvider).)
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Extension Methods
  NameDescription
Public Extension MethodHasMethod
Checks whether an object implements a method with the given name.
(Defined by ExtensionMethods.)
Public Extension MethodIsEqual
Compares two objects for equality, performing an elementwise comparison if the elements are vectors or matrices.
(Defined by Matrix.)
Public Extension MethodToTOverloaded.
Converts an object into another type, irrespective of whether the conversion can be done at compile time or not. This can be used to convert generic types to numeric types during runtime.
(Defined by ExtensionMethods.)
Public Extension MethodToTOverloaded.
Converts an object into another type, irrespective of whether the conversion can be done at compile time or not. This can be used to convert generic types to numeric types during runtime.
(Defined by Matrix.)
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Remarks

In probability theory and statistics, the chi-square distribution (also chi-squared or χ²-distribution) with k degrees of freedom is the distribution of a sum of the squares of k independent standard normal random variables. It is one of the most widely used probability distributions in inferential statistics, e.g. in hypothesis testing, or in construction of confidence intervals.

References:

Examples

The following example demonstrates how to create a new χ² distribution with the given degrees of freedom.

// Create a new χ² distribution with 7 d.f.
var chisq = new ChiSquareDistribution(degreesOfFreedom: 7);

// Common measures
double mean = chisq.Mean;     //  7
double median = chisq.Median; //  6.345811195595612
double var = chisq.Variance;  // 14

// Cumulative distribution functions
double cdf = chisq.DistributionFunction(x: 6.27);           // 0.49139966433823956
double ccdf = chisq.ComplementaryDistributionFunction(x: 6.27); // 0.50860033566176044
double icdf = chisq.InverseDistributionFunction(p: cdf);        // 6.2700000000852318

// Probability density functions
double pdf = chisq.ProbabilityDensityFunction(x: 6.27);     // 0.11388708001184455
double lpdf = chisq.LogProbabilityDensityFunction(x: 6.27); // -2.1725478476948092

// Hazard (failure rate) functions
double hf = chisq.HazardFunction(x: 6.27);            // 0.22392254197721179
double chf = chisq.CumulativeHazardFunction(x: 6.27); // 0.67609276602233315

// String representation
string str = chisq.ToString(); // "χ²(x; df = 7)
See Also